what would Greek exit from the Eurozone look like?
I mean what happens in general terms, not the nitty-gritty details of how a sovereign debt default and currency devaluation would be put into place.
Several things would occur, I think:
1. Greece would stop making principal and interest payments on its sovereign debt and open negotiations with creditors for new, more favorable, terms.
2. The country would force conversion of all cash held by Greek citizens or Greek companies into a new currency–call it the drachma.
3. Greece would prevent reconversion of drachmas into foreign currency. It might ban citizens from holding foreign currency outright, for example. It would certainly make it illegal for anyone to transport foreign currency in and (especially) out of the country.
4. It might institute a crawling peg (a specified daily weakening of the exchange rate) or some other mechanism for continuing devaluation of the drachma vs. the €.
how would Greek citizens react?
This default/devaluation path is well-defined. Look at Mexico in the early 1980s as an instance. Knowing the roadmap far in advance, what can Greek citizens do to defend themselves against loss of wealth? Again, the moves are pretty standard:
–move cash holdings to a bank outside of Greece
–raise cash locally–either by selling assets or by borrowing from a local bank (in the hope that your debt will subsequently be devalued)–and move that out of the country, too
Businesses would presumably be thinking of similar measures. In addition, they would likely begin to drag their feet on paying for stuff bought from Greece, while accelerating payment deadlines for Greek customers.
what about investors?
They do pretty much the same. They extract cash. They stop making new investments. Yes, they study what they might like to buy once devaluation occurs, but otherwise they sit on their hands.
taking a very long time…
…makes the situation worse. While uncertainty remains high, an increasing number of citizens are likely to make and execute capital flight plans. And the flow of new investment in the country drops to a trickle. So the country sits in neutral and idles.
effects on the rest of the EU?
I perceive a sharp difference between the local reaction to debt problems in Italy and Spain, on the one hand, and Greece, on the other.
I think the former two have made it clear they accept responsibility for their weak economic situation and are taking action to fix their problems as quickly as they can. In contrast, Greece seems to me to believe that its sovereign debt is basically an EU problem. Its strategy appears to be to implement no reforms and instead bargain for ever better terms.
If that’s an accurate representation, one could argue that the contagion effects–the adverse impact on Spanish and Italian bond markets–of Greece leaving the Eurozone (and, presumably the EU) shouldn’t be severe.
In an investment world dominated by short-term chart-oriented traders, however, I don’t have a lot of confidence other investors will see things my way. I certainly wouldn’t want to bet the farm that I’m right.