Late last week, bond guru Bill Gross, founder and public face of PIMCO, resigned from that firm to go to work for a much smaller rival, Janus. This has led to speculation that the departure of Gross, who crafted the superior long-term record of the PIMCO flagship Total Return bond fund, would cause the loss of as much as 30% of the $1.8 trillion PIMCO has under management.
I don’t think the outflows will be anywhere near this bad, for a number of reasons:
1. PIMCO deals in load funds, meaning that retail investors must pay a fee to buy them. Two consequences:
–owners find the fact of the fee, not necessarily the size of it, a psychological barrier to sale.
–the load-fund client typically places a sell order through his broker. The fact he can’t just go online in the middle of the night and redeem is another barrier to sale. When called, the financial adviser can make reasoned arguments that persuade the client to hold on. The broker may also convince the client to move to another bond fund in the PIMCO family, so that money leaves the Total Return fund but stays in the group.
What’s to stop a broker from using the Gross departure to call all his clients and tell them to take their money from PIMCO and place it with a different family of load funds–thereby generating another commission for him/her? Generally speaking, such churning is illegal. The transactions might even be stopped by the broker’s own firm. Worse yet for the broker, this kind of call is pretty transparent as a fee grab. It might also invite questions about where the broker was when the Gross performance began to deteriorate.
2. My experience in the equity area is that while no-load funds can lose a third of their assets to redemptions in a market downturn. Under 5% losses have been the norm with the load funds I’ve run. Even smaller for 401k or other retirement assets.
3. Money has already been leaving PIMCO for some time.
–Bill Gross’s performance has been bad for an extended period.
–He’s been acting like a loose cannon.
–Mohamed El-Erian’s leaving PIMCO was particularly damaging. I think most people recognize that Mr. El-Erian is a professional marketer, not an investor. But he was being paid a fortune to replace Gross as the public face of PIMCO. Why leave a sweet job like that ..unless the inside view was frighteningly bad?
At some point, however, PIMCO will have lost all the customers who are prone to quick flight.
PIMCO will try hard to get clients to stay. It will presumably concede that it waited much too long to rein Mr. Gross. But, it will argue, a seasoned portfolio manager at PIMCO, Dan Ivascyn, has now taken over the Total Return fund. Supported by the firm’s broad deep research and investment staff of more than 700 professionals, Ivascyn will stabilize performance. So the worst is now over. In fact, Gross’s departure may have been a blessing in disguise.
4. Arithmetic. About $500 million of PIMCO’s assets come from its parent, Allianz. Presumably, none of that will leave. Third-party assets total about $1.3 trillion. A loss of 30% of total assets would mean a loss of over 40% of third-party assets. That would be beyond anything I’ve ever seen in the load world/
5. Although individuals are prone to panic, institutions act at a more measured pace. It would certainly be difficult to persuade institutional clients to add more money now, but it should be easier to persuade them to allow the assets they now have at PIMCO to remain, while keeping the firm on a short leash.
In sum, I can see that in the wake of the Gross departure, PIMCO could easily lose 10% of the third-party assets it has today. I think, however, that the high-end figures are being put out for shock value and without much thought.