tires vs. chicken feet…
A little less than three years ago, I wrote about a tariff the administration had just placed on imported tires from China. The duty, the first of its kind, was imposed under special concessions granted to the US for allowing China to enter the World Trade Organization. The idea was to give extra time for domestic industries that had prospered under protective barriers to adjust to competition–as if the many years of haggling about conditions for China’s WTO membership hadn’t been enough.
What struck me at the time as particularly odd was that no company in the domestic tire industry had asked for the tariffs. In fact, no domestic player wanted to be in the low-end tire business. The action looked like payback to a union for political support. Why this sort of payback still isn’t clear to me.
a basic economic error
There’s, unfortunately, ample history of such tariff moves to show that they’re always economically disastrous. Any first-year economics student can tell you why. Yes, jobs in the inefficient industry may be preserved –though maybe not. But everyone else suffers by the price rises that ensue. In this case, less affluent Americans who are struggling the most in a weak economy, and who are the main users of low-end tires, are hurt the worst. Also, WTO rules allow the country hit by tariffs to retaliate in kind, which means lost sales in other industries.
Two years ago, I wrote that, in a matching shoot-yourself-in-the-foot action, China had imposed tariffs on imports of US chicken feet (and some other body parts).
All pretty silly sounding. I thought that was the end of the story.
Rather than trying to cover up the mess, President Obama actually highlighted this embarrassing incident in his 2012 State of the Union address as a signature move to “level the playing field” between the US and China.
In response, the moderate Republican Peterson Institute released an economic analysis of the tires vs. chicken feet dust-up. Peterson concluded that:
–the tariff raised the price of the affected tires to US consumers by over $1 billion a year
–the resulting decline in purchasing power caused the loss of 3,000+ jobs in the retail industry
–the domestic tire industry gained 1,200 jobs since late 2009, almost certainly due to economic recovery, not the tariffs. If, however, we attribute all the job gains (and ignore the losses in retailing) to the tariffs, the cost of saving each job was about $1 million a year
–the countervailing duties caused an annual loss of $1 billion to the domestic poultry industry.
By the way, Chinese imports were mostly replaced by imports from Thailand and Malaysia, not domestic production.
that’s not the worst
Until I read a recent article in the Wall Street Journal, I hadn’t realized that, with help from China, one of the importers whose business was destroyed by the tariffs sued the government.
The company won. Maybe it won on a technicality, but it won. A Federal court ruled the tariffs were illegal. Washington didn’t have the authority to impose them on China.
At the drop of a hat, Congress passed a law specifically authorizing the tariffs.
here comes the bad part
Congress changed the law, retroactive to 2006.
In a pragmatic sense, it meant the government didn’t have to give the tariff money back.
a scary precedent
Changing the rules after the game has already been played is an action I’ve always associated with deeply corrupt third-world countries. As a portfolio manager with a lot of experience in developing nations, I’ve (invariably correctly) regarded stuff like this as a signal not to get involved, or to take my money and get away as fast as I could.
in the context of the US, this whole affair is chicken feed,so to speak.
…not so much for the 3,000+ who lost their jobs or for the many citizens paying a lot more for their tires. But the damage won’t move the needle on overall GDP performance.
I also think the world is writing off the tariffs and the legislation to back-room politics plus mindless pandering to anti-Chinese sentiment. But the retroactive change to the law has got to make at least some people think twice before making new investments in the US, or to consider shifting elsewhere assets already here. That’s not good for the economy.