First there was the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear disaster, where nuclear power plants were installed incorrectly and both the utility and government regulators falsified inspection reports to cover this up.
Then there was Olympus Optical, whose tip management lost billions in stock market speculation because it was unwilling to restructure loss-making operations and covered up the fact for over a decade by fabricating its financial statements.
Now there’s Toshiba, which falsified results for years, under pressure from unrealistic profit goals set by a series of CEOs (shades of Jack Welsh at GE).
Not that surprising, in my view, given the Japanese corporate world’s widespread adherence to a samurai-like code of absolute, unquestioning obedience to instructions given by older/more senior managers in one’s company. After all, many of these enterprises have their origin in samurai cast adrift as regional warlords were marginalized during the early shogun days.
This mindset is also a reason why a lot of Japanese business is still stuck in the 1980s–that the world is changing at a fast clip, but you pretty much have to have white hair before anyone will listen to what you have to say. To be clear, I don’t think this samurai-ness is a universal attitude in Japan as a whole. Unfortunately,it thrives in the Tokyo/Osaka-based, export-oriented industrial sector which is the primarily beneficiary of the deep depreciation of the yen engineered by PM Abe.
Why don’t out-of-date sixty- and seventy-somethings just retire and let a younger generation take the reins?
For one thing, speaking as a sixty-something myself, it’s hard to go from being king of the world to being just another nameless retiree.
I think, however,that there may also be a deeper, more damaging reason than the ego problems of the people in charge:
One of the first companies I followed as an analyst was a small copier manufacturer/distributor. The firm was in enough financial trouble that it bought breathing room by selling a large chunk of its plant and equipment and leasing it back from a bank. That netted $50 million or so in cash.
Soon afterward, Carl Icahn bought 5%-10% of the company’s stock and threatened to make a hostile bid for the rest. The firm quickly bought back Icahn’s shares for, as I recall, about a 30% premium. I was shocked. I didn’t get it at all.
Only when the firm subsequently went into Chapter 11 did I learn the CEO, a former accountant, had been fiddling with the books for years. That fact was the real leverage Icahn had over his target, whether he knew it or not. The CEO couldn’t let an outsider in, because the accounting shenanigans would be discovered and he would be disgraced.
I don’t know, but I suspect–because I’ve seen the same pattern in numerous smaller firms in Japan that Olympus and Toshiba are only the tip of the iceberg in Tokyo. If I’m correct, Abenomics is even more problematic than I’ve been writing.