buy vs. build
When any company is figuring out how it should grow its existing businesses and potentially expand into other areas, it faces the classic “buy or build” problem. That is to say, it has to decide whether it’s more profitable to use its money to create the new enterprise from the ground up, or whether it’s better to acquire a complementary firm that already has the intellectual property and market presence that our company covets.
There are pluses and minuses to either approach. Build-your-own takes more time. The buy-it route is faster, but invariably involves purchasing a firm that’s only available because it has been consigned to the stock market bargain basement because of perceived operational flaws. Sometimes, acquirers learn to their sorrow that the target they have just bought is like a movie set, something that looks ok from the outside but is only a veneer.
when the urge is greatest
Companies feel the buy/build expansion urge the most keenly at times like today, when they are flush with cash after years of rising profits.
so why isn’t value doing better?
Many economists are explaining the apparent current lack of capital spending by companies by arguing that firms are opting in very large numbers to buy rather than to build.
The beneficiaries of such a universal impulse should be value investors, who specialize in holding slightly broken companies that are trading at large discounts to (what value investors hope is) their intrinsic value. Growth investors, on the other hand, typically hold the strong-growing companies with high PE stocks who do the acquiring.
On the announcement of a bid, the target company typically goes up. The bidder’s stock, on the other hand, usually goes down. That’s partly because the bid is a surprise, partly because the target is perceived to be priced too high, partly simply because of arbitrage activity.
All this leads up to my point.
Over the past couple of years, growth investing has done very well. Value has lagged badly. How can this be if merger/acquisition activity continues to be large enough that it is making a significant dent in global capital spending?