A basic report on TSLA by a competent securities analyst would contain the following:
–an idea of how the market for electric cars will develop and the most important factors that could make progress faster or slower. My guess is that batteries–costs, power/density increases, driving range, charging speed–would end up being key. Conclusions would likely not be as firm as one might like.
–TSLA’s position in this market, including competitive strengths/weaknesses. I suspect one main conclusion will be that combustion engine competitors will be hurt by the internal politics of defending their legacy business vs. advancing their electric car position. The ways in which things might go wrong for TSLA will be relatively easy to come up with; things that could go right will likely be harder to imagine.
–a detailed income statement projection. The easy part would be to project (i.e., more or less make up) future unit volume and selling price. The harder part would be the detail work of breaking down unit costs into variable (meaning costs specific to that unit, like labor and materials, with a breakout of the most important materials (i.e., batteries)) and fixed (meaning each unit’s share of the cost of operating the factory). An important conclusion will be the extent of operating leverage, that is, the degree to which fixed costs influence that total today + the possibility of very rapid profit growth once the company exceeds breakeven.
There are also the costs of corporate overhead, marketing and interest expense. But these are relatively straightforward.
The income statement projection is almost always a tedious, trial-and-error endeavor. Companies almost never reveal enough information, so the analyst has to make initial assumptions about costs and revise them with each quarterly report until the model begins to work.
–a projection of future sources and uses of cash. Here the two keys will be capital spending requirements and debt service (meaning interest payments + any required repayments of principal). Of particular interest in the TSLA case will be if/when the company will need to raise new capital.