…maybe, for a short while anyway. Ultimately, no.
Will this move shore up oil prices?
Yesterday OPEC announced a provisionary agreement according to which the oil cartel’s members will limit aggregate output to between 32.5 million barrels per day and 33.0 million. At the lower end, that would remove 750,000 daily barrels (or 2.3%) from OPEC production. According to the Financial Times, virtually all of the reduction would be by Saudi Arabia; other OPEC members promise only not to increase theirs.
Saudi Arabia has previously been dead set against any agreement of this type. Why? During the early 1980s oil glut, the Saudis sliced oil liftings from 13 million barrels daily to 3 million in a vain attempt to stabilize prices. That effort failed because everyone else in OPEC cheated, boosting their output to fill the void.
That such cheating happens shouldn’t come as a shock. It’s standard cartel behavior–and the reason most cartels fail. The truly startling development in the modern history of commodity-producing cartels was the solidarity of OPEC in its formative years, when it was a political cartel opposing exploitation of third world countries. It has lost its power as it evolved into the current economic one.
So, as I see it, there’s no reason not to expect widespread cheating again.
Another factor arguing against this agreement actually stabilizing crude oil prices is that OPEC doesn’t dominate world oil production as it did in the 1980s. Four of today’s top six oil-producing countries (Russia, US, China, Canada) are not members of OPEC. There’s every reason to expect that all of the four would boost output as/when prices start to rise.
To my mind, the real news the OPEC accord signals is the changed attitude of Saudi Arabia. I think this must mean that Riyadh is in worse financial shape than is commonly believed.
Certainly, the country is radially dependent on oil …and has become accustomed to the revenue from $100+ per barrel prices. So it is now running a large government budget deficit. My guess is that it is also having a much harder time than expected in borrowing to bridge the gap between revenue and spending, and that efforts to develop other facets of the economy are not moving forward smoothly. Saudi Arabia has just announced a salary cut for government workers, which can’t imply greater political stability.
If there is a valid reason for oil to have risen on the OPEC announcement–and I don’t think there is–it would be worries of political developments in Saudia Arabia that disrupt oil production there.
Personally, not owning any oil stocks at present, I’m thinking that the seasonal low point for demand, that is, January/February, would be a better entry time than right now.