Finally, to the question of REITs (Real Estate Investment Trusts).
A REIT is a specialized type of corporation that accepts restrictions on the kind of business it can do and limits to how concentrated its ownership structure can be. It must also distribute virtually all its profits to shareholders. In return it gets an exemption from corporate income tax. It’s basically the same legal structure as mutual funds or ETFs.
Traditionally, REITs have concentrated on owning income-generating real estate. But they are also allowed to to develop and manage new projects, provided they do so to hold as part of their portfolios instead of to resell.
Because they must distribute basically all of their profits, and to the degree that their property development efforts are small relative to their overall asset size, REITs look an awful lot like bonds. That is to say, their main attraction is their relatively steady income. Yes, they hold tangible assets of a type that should not be badly affected by inflation. But current holders, I think, view them as bond substitutes.
As I suggested in Monday’s post, that’s bad in a time of rising interest rates. Both newly-issued bonds–and eventually cash as well–become increasingly attractive as lower-risk substitutes. This is the reason REITs have underperformed the S&P by about 5 percentage points so far this month, and by 9 points since the end of September. I don’t think we’ve yet reached the back half of this game.
How can an investor fight the negative influence of interest rate rises in the REIT sector? …by finding REITs that look as much as they can like stocks. That is, by finding REITs that are able to achieve earnings–that therefore distributable income–growth.
This means finding REITs that can raise rents steadily or whose development of new properties is large relative to their current asset size.