That’s the thrust of Fed Chair Janet Yellen’s remarks yesterday about rates in the US.
She said that there would be “a few” increases in the Fed Funds rate in each of 2017 and 2018. Assuming that a few = three and that each increase will be 0.25%, Yellen’s statement implies that the rate will rise steadily until it reaches 2.0% sometime next year.
In one sense, two years of rising interest rates sounds like a lot–I know that’s what I thought the first time I was facing this prospect as a portfolio manager. But if the neutral target rate for overnight money is the level that achieves inflation protection but no real return, 2% should be the target. If anything, it’s a bare minimum.
In my view, two surprises to the Yellen forecast are possible:
–if President Trump is able to launch a significant fiscal stimulus program, the rate rise timetable will likely be accelerated, and
–if the inflation rate rises above 2%, which I think is a good possibility, then the Fed Funds rate may need to rise above 2% (2.5%?) to keep inflation in check.
Typically, a time of rising rates is one in which stocks–buoyed by increasing corporate earnings–go sideways, while bonds go down. In the present case, earnings growth will likely depend on an end to dysfunction in Washington.