About a week ago, Saudi Arabia and Russia, two of the three largest oil producers in the world (the US is #1), announced they were discussing the mechanics of restoring half of the 1.8 million barrels of daily output foreign companies have been withholding from the market since 2016.
…to stop the price from advancing above $80.
To be honest, I’m a bit surprised that oil has gotten this high. But producing countries have held to their cutback pledges to a far greater degree than they have in the past, with the result that the mammoth glut of oil in temporary storage a couple of years ago is mostly gone. In addition, the economy of Venezuela is melting away, turning down that country’s output of heavy crude favored by US refiners. Also, the world is worried that unilateral US withdrawal from the Iranian nuclear agreement may mean the loss of 500,000 daily barrels from that source.
On the other hand, short-term demand for oil is relatively inflexible. Because of this, even small changes in supply or demand can result in large swings in price. An extra 1% -2% in production drove the price from $100+ to $24 in 2014-15, for example. The same amount of underproduction caused the current rebound. So in hindsight, $80 shouldn’t have been so shocking.
Two factors, I think. There must be significant internal pressure among producing countries to get even a small amount more foreign exchange by cheating on quotas. Letting everyone get something may make it harder for one rogue nation to break ranks.
More importantly, a $100 price seems to trigger significant global conservation efforts, as well as to shift the search for petroleum substitutes into a higher gear. So somewhere around $80 may be as good as it gets for producers. And it leaves some headroom if efforts to hold the price at $80 fail.
My guess is that most of the upward move for the oils is over. I think there’s still some reason to be interested in financially leveraged shale oil producers in the US as they unwind the restrictions their lenders have placed on them.